A Historic dialogue between Hekmatyar and Massoud on Peshawar Accord
BY MUSTAFA MUGHAL; The Soviet-Afghan War ended in 1988 with the defeat of Sovoet Union, resulting the dissolution of Soviet Union in about 17 countries while leaving Afghanistan in a Civil War.
The Afghan Civil War ended in 1992, overthrowing the communist regime in Afghanistan.
On 24 April 1992, the Peshawar Accord was announced.
The accord proclaimed an Afghan interim government called the Islamic State of Afghanistan to start serving on 28 April 1992.
Due to rivalling forces contending for total power, that interim government was paralyzed right from the start.
The biggest difference came between Commander Ahmad Shah Massoud and Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
Commander Massoud supported the Peshawar process of establishing a broad coalition government inclusive of all sides while Hekmatyar sought to become the sole ruler of Afghanistan.
The harsh exchange of words between the both Mujahideen leaders is recorded by some historians and also a recorded radio communication between the two leaders showed the divide between both leaders.
The communication between both leaders is as written below.
Hekmatyar said, “In our country coalition government is impossible because, this way or another, it is going to be weak and incapable of stabilizing the situation in Afghanistan.”
In reply, Commander Ahmad Shah Massoud pertained that “All the parties had participated in the war, in jihad in Afghanistan, so they had to have their share in the government, and in the formation of the government. Afghanistan is made up of different nationalities. We were worried about a national conflict between different tribes and different nationalities. In order to give everybody their own rights and also to avoid bloodshed in Kabul, we left the word to the parties so they should decide about the country as a whole. We talked about it for a temporary stage and then after that the ground should be prepared for a general election.”
The radio communication between both leaders is as Commander Massoud asked Hekmatyar that “The Kabul regime is ready to surrender, so instead of the fighting we should gather. … The leaders are meeting in Peshawar. … The troops should not enter Kabul, they should enter later on as part of the government.”
On this, Hekmatyar’s responsed that “We will march into Kabul with our naked sword. No one can stop us. … Why should we meet the leaders?”
On the reply of Hekmatyar, Ahmad Shah Massoud answered that “It seems to me that you don’t want to join the leaders in Peshawar nor stop your threat, and you are planning to enter Kabul … in that case I must defend the people.”
According to some historical accounts, At that point even Osama bin Laden, who had worked extensively with Hekmatyar in Peshawar, urged Hekmatyar to “go back with your brothers” and to accept a compromise with the other resistance/mujahideen parties.
But Hekmatyar refused, confident that he would be able to gain sole power in Afghanistan.
The decision of Hekmatyar resulted in a long lasting war in Afghanistan, killing many innocents.